Large Scale Oil Extraction
Oil is important for the economies of many countries as millions of tons of oil are extracted daily. Extracting oil efficiently is essential for the continuous operations in the oil field. The oil demand never ceases, and to fuel that demand, finding and extracting oil is a 24/7, seven days a week, 365 days a year job. There are so many roles and processes that go into extraction and production with thousands of people contributing to bringing one barrel of oil to the market.
Drilling down into the ground initiates the process. Extracting oil can be a dangerous process, though it is made safer and faster through fracking. Though fracking in simple terms is just using pressure (any type – water/oil/some other fluid) to crack through the rocks, making passage for the oil to come out, it is still very new in the market (given the oil extraction has been going on for centuries). Before fracking was widely used, oil wells were dug and were later abandoned once the oil was not available on the top. The oil was still present beneath the rock at the bottom, but was not extracted as it was considered economically not profitable to extract. This wasted a considerable amount of oil resources. Though that is not the case now, many old oil wells are being fractured again for the oil beneath the rocks.
Fracking is where pressurized fluid erodes through the rocks to create cracks in them. Sand is filled into these cracks and erodes the rock more because of the movement of the fluid at high pressure. It is a very precise science and requires years of practice and expertise to master. Fracking equipment usually faces many maintenance issues due to the nature of the operation, making it essential to know how to buy fracking equipment. This is where Oil Patch Surplus helps you, with years of expertise in the industry and in-house masters guiding you through the purchase and sale. For fracking, pump water, sand, and chemicals are mixed and sent into a wellbore. This frack fluid under pressure causes the rock to fracture. Oil is then extracted from the rock and pumped up to the surface. The oil is separated from the water solution using equipment like steam boilers and shipped off to be refined. The water is recycled, treated, or transported to an injection well. The fracking process lasts around a week in most cases.